Web Architecture Done Right

I’ll go ahead and confess that a single right way to design for the web doesn’t exist. If someone wants you to believe otherwise, they are just wrong. That said, I do think that you’ll have a hard time going wrong by starting with one simple rule: start with a web api.

Why should you start with a web api rather than just building a web site/app that has HTML and JavaScript all working together? Frankly it’s because you can’t properly decouple the api from the serialization format well enough. When you are designing an api for the web, you (should be) thinking in terms of resources and representations. That’s representations in the plural form. You may not know exactly what forms you’ll need, but you should consider that you will eventually have many. When you start with a web site/app with HTML in mind, you’ve coupled yourself to a single format, and extracting that out later could (will) be difficult. Don’t just take my word for it. Mike Amundsen has an excellent post on the right way to think about these things.

There are certainly some instances where this may be overkill, but I hate rewriting software unless it really is a prototype or just an exploratory attempt to get something up. In those cases, go for the quick and dirty. If you are working on something you want to last a long time, however, you owe it to yourself to consider the evolvability of your app by focusing on api design. You’ll then be able to take advantage of a number of client options. Certainly, supporting the growing number of clients is one of the biggest challenges continuing to face developers as we head into 2012.

Let’s suppose you agree with me on this point. How do you go about building a really solid api design? I don’t think I could articulate it better than Darrel Miller already has. His goals for good apis are suitable both for internal teams and external customers. Who wouldn’t love gaining visibility b/c a customer was able to accelerate their business by using your api in an unforeseen way that drives additional business for your own company? How nice is it to knock out not just one project but several b/c you are able to leverage existing platforms for new projects? We’re doing that at Logos, in large part because we moved to MVC and took a more service-oriented approach to building our apps. The number of new projects has grown tremendously, but we are also able to respond much more quickly b/c the services are ready for consumption.

I’ll be continuing to discuss this topic in future posts. In the meantime, check out Mike’s book,
Building Hypermedia APIs with HTML5 and Node. It uses HTML5 and Node to illustrate, but the concepts are excellent and portable to other platforms. I also highly recommend REST in Practice as an excellent resource for understanding the fullness of what HTTP offers for building apis. Enjoy!